Theodicy in the context of illness and death
The term "theodicy" can be a useful search term. Issues of theodicy relate to issues of "good and evil," "suffering," "free will and determinism," and of course, "God." Additional searches specific to your topic might include subjects like "Medicine-religious aspects," "Death-religious aspects," "Suffering-religious aspects." Almost anytime you are visiting "religious aspects" of a root problem, you get into issues of theodicy whether you are talking about war, mental illness, or poverty.
Medicine as ministry : reflections on suffering, ethics, and hope
R725.56 .M64 1995
Reclaiming the body : Christians and the faithful use of modern medicine
BT732 .S482 2006
Pain seeking understanding : suffering, medicine, and faith
BT160 .P17 1999
When suffering persists : a theology of candor
BT160 .S35 2001
Healing death : finding wholeness when a cure is no longer possible
BV4910 .Z56 2007
Databases and sources:
In addition to searching our library catalog for additional books, there are a number of theological and clinical databases that would allow you to explore periodical literature.